What Does The Cartoon Imply About The Open Door Policy?
- Dave Jackson
It gave priority to American interests in China above other countries’ interests there. What does the cartoon seem to be suggesting with regards to the Open Door Policy? Before the construction of the Panama Canal, a ship would have had to sail this distance in order to go from New York City to San Francisco.
What was the purpose of the Open Door policy quizlet?
What is the primary intent of this policy? In order to prevent Europe from dividing China into their respective zones of influence and to establish a cooperative collective structure that would defend Chinese markets, China must be kept together.
What is China’s Open Door policy?
The United States adopted a diplomatic policy known as the Open Door Policy (Chinese: ) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This policy called for a system of equal trade and investment and guaranteed the territorial integrity of Qing China. In Chinese, the term “Open Door Policy” translates to “open door” in English.
What is the Open Door policy and why did it favor the US quizlet?
A course of conduct that has been decided upon by a person or group. Open Door Policy. A plan put up by the United States of America in the year 1899, which said that ALL nations would be given equal opportunity to trade with China. I am John Hay. The last Secretary of State for the United States, John Kerry, made efforts to safeguard both Chinese autonomy and American interests in China.
Why was the Open Door policy important to the United States?
The Open Door Policy was an astute attempt on the part of the United States government to establish commercial possibilities between the United States and China while also expressing American interests in the Far East. The Open Door Policy enabled the United States to broaden its markets for manufactured goods in the short term, which was a significant benefit.
What was the impact of the Open Door Policy?
The Chinese public’s hostility toward foreigners is growing at an alarming rate. The implementation of the Open Door Policy resulted in an increase in the amount of foreign influence in China, which in turn caused an increase in anti-foreign and anti-colonial feeling inside the country.
- As a result of the backlash against foreigners, there was a general increase in the number of murders committed against missionaries operating in China, and nationalist sentiments among the Chinese rose as a result.
- One of the most significant incidents that occurred as a direct result of this anti-foreign movement was the Boxer Rebellion.
In 1899, a Chinese organization called the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists (known as “Boxers” to the English) began an insurrection against the influence of Western countries, which is when the Boxer Rebellion began. The United States of America, Japan, and other European nations fought back against the Boxers and were ultimately successful in their efforts in the year 1901.
What does the Open Door Note reveal quizlet?
Open Door Notes. In 1899, the United States Secretary of State John Hay sent a statement to the governments of Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan requesting those nations to respect the commercial rights of the United States in China. Boxer Rebellion.
What is the example of open door policy?
2. Communicate Expectations: If your staff have never experienced an open-door policy before, you need to take the time to explain what it is, how it operates, and what the implications are for your team. For instance, some businesses have what is known as a “very literal open-door policy,” which means that whenever the door to a manager’s office is open, employees are free to walk in and chat to them.
Which is a true statement about the Open Door Policy?
Which of the following statements regarding the Open Door policy is true? Every nation that wants to conduct commerce should have equal access to ports. Which of the following was considered to be one of those points?
How did Americans feel about the Open Door policy?
When Secretary of State John Hay looked at the state of circumstances in East Asia during the first few months of 1899, he didn’t see many grounds to be optimistic. As China, which was already weakened by war and revolt, progressively lost its power to oppose its adversaries, the United States’ primary competitors for influence in that area of the world, Russia, Japan, Germany, France, and Great Britain, brimmed with imperial ambition.
- A procedure that resembled the subjugation of Africa and hinted that China may be partitioned in a similar manner was when the major powers staked their claim to special privileges in certain sections of the country.
- What worried Hay the most was the possibility that the United States would be left out of this new scramble as the Europeans and Japanese, with strong footholds in the region and a much greater taste for territorial conquest, divided up China and protected their new possessions with impenetrable barriers to American trade.
This was the possibility that caused Hay the most concern. Hay, like with many of his contemporaries, had the notion that China was an important and virtually infinite market for the fast expanding production of the rapidly industrializing American economy.
- In 1899, the United States had not made much headway toward attaining that ambition, but the vision continued to call to them in a compelling manner.
- Even though the prospects didn’t look very promising, the McKinley administration placed a high priority on maintaining access to the Chinese market as part of their foreign policy agenda.
Hay made a brave step to buck this dangerous trend by sending his famous Open Door Notes to the great imperial nations. This was a decision that paid off handsomely. Hay, whose nation had triumphed against Spain the previous year, insisted that all of the powers maintain the idea of equal commercial opportunity in the areas of influence that they were working to consolidate in China.
He was buoyed by his nation’s win. The notes did not call into question the existence of the spheres nor did they seek equal access for American investment. However, Hay’s dispatches were unwavering in their stance on the issue that was most important to Americans: the shipping and retailing of American-made products.
The United States insisted on “complete equality of treatment for commerce and navigation with such realms” because they “earnestly want to remove any grounds for resentment.” Washington requested that each power provide “formal guarantees” that it would charge standard harbor dues and railway rates and that it would leave the process of levying and collecting import tariffs to be handled by Chinese authorities.
To put it another way, everyone who desired to go through must be allowed to do so, and the door to commerce must always stay open. The announcement that President Hay would institute the Open Door policy was a watershed moment in the annals of U.S. diplomatic history. For one thing, it was a reflection of the growth of the United States as a significant power that was getting ready to establish its interests in a far-off region of the world where Europeans had previously ruled dominant.
Hay was the one who initiated a chain of events that eventually, albeit in fits and starts, resulted in the United States of America being the preeminent force from the outside aiming to influence Asia’s economic and political future. In addition, Hay’s strategy created a pattern of U.S.
action that would go on to have long-term repercussions that were not limited to Asia. The United States displayed a definite interest in territory acquisition as a way of meeting its expansionist urge by annexing Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines in the year 1898. This proven desire led to the country’s expansionist drive.
However, Hay’s remarks suggested a move toward a new strategy: the United States would increase its influence not via imperial authority but rather by economic hegemony. The notion was shown to have a significant amount of staying power, in part because it was compatible with the self-conception of the United States of America as a nation established on the twin values of anti-colonialism and individual opportunity.
During the next century, Americans looked down their noses at other nations’ aspirations for imperial rule, even as their own leaders pursued aggressive strategies to obtain economic opportunity elsewhere in the world. This pattern was so distinctive that many academics consider it to be the defining trait of United States foreign policy during the entirety of the twentieth century.
Beginning in the late 1950s with William Appleman Williams, a contentious but extremely prominent group of materialist historians created the “open door interpretation” to explain the unprecedented record of international involvement that the United States has maintained since the 1890s.
- According to the opinions of these academics, Hay’s project exemplified the very definition of an American way of doing foreign policy.
- In order to forward his recommendations, Hay on the one hand referred to high-minded values such as anticolonialism, self-determination, and equal opportunity.
- On the other hand, he demonstrated a resolute commitment to safeguard the interests of American capitalists by fostering access to markets in foreign countries.
This was done in the name of supporting economic growth. A similar mix of stated altruism and unrelenting self-interest can be seen throughout the history of American diplomacy, according to proponents of the open door interpretation’s view of that history.
- These academics argue that beginning in 1899 and continuing through the Cold War, the United States government interfered internationally in a never-ending endeavor to control the globe to serve the interests of American capitalism, while at the same time consistently invoking universal ideals.
- Ironically, despite the unquestionable significance of the Open Door policy as a watershed, a concept, and an interpretative tool, it did not create very many outcomes in actual practice.
The United States was never able to attain the markets that its leaders and businesses of the late nineteenth century hoped of during the period of time when the Open Door policy was in effect. Between the years 1899 and 1931, the value of American goods shipped to China never surpassed 4 percent of the overall yearly value of the country’s exports, and more often than not, it was closer to 1 percent.
- The Open Door policy did not dissuade other nations from acquiring fresh parts of Chinese land or excluding the United States from commerce.
- Nor did it prevent other powers from excluding the United States.
- In point of fact, worldwide cooperation with American demands was never anything more than reluctant and precarious, even before it entirely broke down in the 1930s as a result of Japan’s unilateral shattering of Hay’s vision.
Even at the height of its popularity in the early twentieth century, the Open Door proved to be more of a fiction that was kept alive by its proponents than a policy that possessed genuine power and significance. In addition, the Open Door policy was a failure for the United States since it encouraged Chinese citizens to oppose outside interference in their domestic affairs.
The United States of America clung tenaciously to the belief that their foreign policy toward China, which stood in stark contrast to that of European imperialism, would be beneficial to China by protecting the country’s sovereignty and disseminating American know-how to the people of China who were living in ignorance.
However, when viewed from the perspective of China, the United States was frequently viewed as little more than another foreign entity that was intent on preventing China from dictating the terms of its ties with the rest of the world. The leaders of China occasionally made attempts to influence the United States in order to further their own interests, but they rarely demonstrated a willingness to play the submissive and cooperative role that Washington had arrogantly set for them.
Was China happy with the Open Door policy?
Because it did not take into account either the emotions of the Chinese people or their sovereignty, the Open Door Policy was disliked by both the people of China and their government.
Who proposed the Open Door policy for China?
In a series of memos written between 1899 and 1900, Secretary of State John Hay was the first person to explain the notion of the ‘Open Door’ in China.
Why did the United States create the Open Door policy toward China?
Open Door Policy Political Cartoon Analysis
The Open Door Policy was a major statement of United States foreign policy that was issued in 1899 and 1900. Its purpose was to protect the rights of all countries to trade equally with China and to confirm multi-national acknowledgment of China’s administrative and territorial sovereignty.
Why did the United States formulate the Open Door policy toward China?
When it comes to China, why did the United States decide to adopt the open-door policy? in order to prevent a monopoly on Chinese commerce and market by European and Japanese companies.