When Was The First Cartoon Made?
- Dave Jackson
1908 The year 1908 marks the debut of Fantasmagorie, which many people in the field of animation history regard to be the first cartoon ever made.
What was the very first cartoon ever?
|A still from the film|
|Directed by||Émile Cohl|
|Produced by||Émile Cohl|
|Distributed by||Société des Etablissements L. Gaumont|
|Release date||17 August 1908|
|Running time||1 minute, 45 seconds|
|Language||None / Silent film|
Émile Cohl is the director of the animated short film Fantasmagorie, which was released in 1908. It is believed by many cinema historians to be the very first animated cartoon and is one of the oldest instances of conventional animation, which refers to animation that is produced by hand.
When was the first TV cartoon made?
August 1, 1949… The First Cartoons Created Specially for Television Debut The first animated series to be made with the sole intention of airing on television was called “Crusader Rabbit.” The restricted animation concept was tested in the marketplace in 1948, and the first episode (seen below) was shown on KNBH (which is now known as KNBC) in Los Angeles on August 1, 1949.
- Alex Anderson, the nephew of animator Paul Terry, was the one who came up with the concept for “Crusader Rabbit.” Terry, who had previously worked as a cartoonist for a newspaper, established the animation firm Terrytoons in 1942;
It was there that he conceived the character “Mighty Mouse.” Most notably, Terry was a pioneer in the techniques of restricted animation for television, which enabled his firm to compete with other animation studios that had better funding such as Disney.
- Anderson had never seen a television before, but after doing so, he had the epiphany that his uncle’s simple, efficient animation techniques may make it possible to adapt animation for the new medium;
- The idea of an animated TV program that Anderson presented did not pique Terry’s imagination.;
or, to be more precise, fearful that Terrytoons’ theatrical distribution partner Fox would abandon them if they started doing business in the potentially lucrative new media, Anderson went to Berkeley and started out on his own after leaving Terrytoons.
When Anderson was helping out at Terrytoons with his uncle, he came up with an idea for a character that he dubbed “Donkey Hote.” However, the animators there decided against using the character since they didn’t want to depict donkeys.
Anderson decided to make the figure into a rabbit since it was simpler for him to draw, and so “Crusader Rabbit” was formed from this transformation. In order to balance out the character’s out-of-character bravado for a rabbit, he gave him a partner named Rags who was an abnormally timid tiger.
- His uncle consented to his keeping the characters in order to use them in his new enterprise;
- In order to get Crusader and Rags on television, he joined forces with Jay Ward, a fellow student and a buddy of his dating all the way back to their elementary school days;
After graduating from Harvard Business School, Ward moved back to the West Coast with the intention of starting a career in real estate. However, on the first day of his new business, he was involved in an accident with a vehicle. While Ward was recovering from his injury, Anderson visited him in the hospital with the proposition that the two of them could start an animation studio together, with Ward managing the money side of things and Anderson overseeing the creative side.
- Television Arts Producers is the name of the production company that they established;
- Jerry Fairbanks, the show’s producer, first succeeded in selling it to NBC, but the network ultimately decided not to run it;
As a result, Fairbanks had to sell the show to other affiliates one at a time. On August 1, 1949, listeners were first introduced to Crusader Rabbit and Rags the Tiger on KNBH in Los Angeles, which is now known as KNBC. KNBH was the first station to bite, and it is now known as KNBC.
- Obviously, Anderson could not afford the type of animation that was used in the Disney shorts, which was essential to their success;
- Each episode lasts no longer than five minutes, and a single crusade is comprised of ten to fifteen episodes;
When viewed frame by frame, the show more closely resembles a comic strip than traditional motion animation. Because there was no way to know for sure whether viewers would watch “Crusader Rabbit” episodes in the correct order, each new episode starts with a recap that is progressively longer than the one before it.
- By the time a crusade is over, more than half of the show is dedicated to recapping previous episodes;
- This, of course, indicates that fifty percent of the performance had previously been presented in an animated format;
The program was canceled after 195 episodes due to many lawsuits: Jerry Fairbanks had borrowed production money from NBC and had not repaid it; NBC foreclosed on the project without informing Anderson or Ward of the situation. In 1956, another production company purchased Television Arts and, along with it, the rights to the character.
- They then proceeded to produce further episodes of the show, but this time they filmed them in color;
- In the wake of the cancellation of Crusader Rabbit, Anderson and Ward came up with “Rocky and Bullwinkle,” a duo of new characters who would go on to achieve enduring popularity;
Rocky and Bullwinkle’s destiny, much like that of Crusader Rabbit, was fraught with legal complications: Ward registered them for copyright in his name alone, and Anderson had to battle his heirs to be acknowledged as a co-creator of the characters. Although “Rocky and Bullwinkle” and many other programs that came after it were praised for their use of clever gags that were ahead of their time, “Crusader Rabbit” was the show that originated the concept first.
Who’s the oldest cartoon character?
Oswald the Lucky Rabbit is a cartoon character that was developed in 1927 by Walt Disney for Universal Pictures. He is also known as Oswald the Rabbit or Oswald Rabbit.
Is Betty Boop kid friendly?
The cartoon character Betty Boop has been the focus of a number of different animations. Since she made her debut during the golden age of jazz and continues to have a cherished position in contemporary entertainment, Betty Boop continues to be a fan favorite among young people as well as older people. She began her career in racy circumstances during the Great Depression and has since transitioned to a more lighthearted persona, which has helped her win the affection of millions of viewers.
- However, despite appearances, the cartoon character actually has a quite shady and intriguing history;
- Via/ Wiki Commons The character made her debut in the short film Dizzy Dishes, which Fleischer Studios produced in 1930;
This marked the beginning of her lengthy career. Betty Boop is shown in this image as a dog, complete with a hound’s muzzle and long, floppy ears. This explains why in later cartoons her partner, Bimbo, is a dog despite the fact that she is represented as a human and her long ears have been converted into earrings.
In earlier cartoons, her boyfriend was a cat. When the Hays Act was passed in 1934, it became illegal for a person and an animal to have a love relationship on screen. This led to the correction of this inconsistency.
However, even in her very first animation, Betty Boop already had her recognizable baby talk voice and curly black hair. At the film Dizzy Dishes, she is seen doing a performance in a nightclub while a plethora of peculiar personalities and anthropomorphic items are there.
This interesting tale makes use of the fact that the night club is reminiscent to the well-known Cotton Club in New York City at a later point in the narrative. Via/ Wiki Commons By 1932, Betty Boop had transformed into a human being, and she was also doing an excellent job of boosting people’s spirits despite the severity of the Great Depression.
Some people believe that because Betty Boop cartoons frequently feature scandalous situations, they were never intended to be children’s entertainment and were instead created exclusively for adults. It was speculated that Max Fleischer, a cartoonist, had modeled the figure after Helen Kane, a prominent actress and singer of the time period.
The performer from the nightclub would go on to have a successful career on Broadway, radio, television, and cinema, but Fleishcer would never give him the credit for being his inspiration. Kane was not granted any money or acknowledgment for his work on the Betty Boop character created by Max Fleischer throughout the course of a legal battle that lasted from 1932 to 1934.
His counsel had maintained that Betty Boop had originally been a dog and that she was never even intended to be a resemblance (or even a normal character), and they had been successful in their defense of this position. At the beginning of the trial, a depiction of Helen Kane appears beside Betty Boop.
- Via/ Internet Archive Helen Kane continued her career as a performer, transitioning from her well-known Boop style to a standard style that was more widely admired;
- However, many people today hold the opinion that Kane’s character, complete with distinctive lines and baby talk, was actually based on another performer;
Back when the Cotton Club first opened its doors in 1922, some of the African American artists who were performing there would go on to become some of the most famous musicians of their day. Unfortunately, only white audiences were catered to by the entertainment, which harkened back to the cotton fields of the South from whence it took its name.
It was here that a young phenomenon by the name of Baby Esther made her debut, utilizing the Boop style that made risqué lyrics suddenly acceptable years before Kane was recorded saying so. Baby Esther should not be confused with Little Esther, who made her debut decades later.
Via/ NYPL Baby Esther, also known as Esther Jones and Gertrude Saunders, was an extremely well-known performer in Harlem during the 1920s. She went on to become a showstopper in Paris and was even nicknamed the “next Josephine Baker.” Despite this, she did not maintain her notoriety, and altogether very little is known about her life.
- However, there are not many documents from that time period, therefore it is difficult to verify or refute the assertions that this baby-talk Boop style had a long legacy in vaudeville;
- There are some people who say that there was a long tradition of this baby-talk Boop style in vaudeville;
Did Fleischer attend one of Baby Esther’s performances but choose to remain silent about it out of fear of another legal challenge? Is this the reason why the night club in Dizzy Dishes appears to be modeled after the Cotton Club? Is it possible that Helen Kane and Baby Esther drew their ideas from a Vaudeville routine that had been performed for many years? It’s possible that the answers to these questions will never be revealed to us. It’s possible that Helen Kane wasn’t the one who came up with the Boop style, but if that’s the case, she couldn’t possibly sue Fleischer for money or the rights to Betty Boop if she wasn’t the one who created it.
What is the history of cartoons?
The evolution of cartoons, beginning in ancient times and continuing through the 19th century – Cave paintings from thousands of years ago are proof that people have been drawing and painting since at least the Paleolithic period. Even if the precise function of these paintings cannot be established, people have continued to employ this method and have done so in order to communicate their thoughts, ideas, and feelings. People were inspired to create drawings and pictures over time, which eventually led to the development of cartoons and animation.
- They continue to be one of the most powerful and influential ways to express oneself;
- The precursor to the contemporary cartoon was the caricature, which first appeared in print in the 17th century;
- Caricatures were utilized by famous artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Lorenzo Benini to give their subjects’ features a distinct shape and form;
William Hogarth, on the other hand, was the one who pioneered the use of graphic satire, which served as a forerunner to the creation of political and editorial cartoons. It was also during this time period that cartoonists began using a style that represented caricatures.
- This style was characterized by playfulness and whimsicality;
- They designed cartoon characters and connected them with comedy in order to convey current happenings in society as well as the most recent styles;
During the years of the French Revolution (1789-1799), cartoonists utilized their work as a sort of humorous propaganda through the medium of their products. The events of the American Civil War were also frequently depicted via the use of cartoons, which were a particularly effective method of doing so.
- The character of Abraham Lincoln had a significant role in such cartoons;
- Around the middle of the 19th century, a German-American cartoonist called Thomas Nast adapted the realistic-looking German drawing and sketching method to his political cartoons in America;
As a result, American cartooning was completely reimagined as a result of Nast’s work. The “Tweed machine” in New York City was the target of his 160 drawings, which he used to constantly fight against it. These cartoons played a significant role in the demise of the corrupt political organization known as Tammany Hall and eventually led to the arrest of the group’s head, who was known as “Boss Tweed” (William Magear Tweed in real life).
Is how animated cartoons are made the first film of its kind?
There will be several fan favorites shown, in addition to quite a few rare items (there will even be some truly incredible rarities!). This week’s film, How Animated Cartoons Are Made, is most likely the first film of its kind, and it establishes a sort of precedent in the sense that films on the making of animated films often appear to always have mistakes in the process depicted on screen.
When did the first color cartoon come out?
This full-length, live-action, Technicolor feature picture includes a three-minute cartoon scene that was developed by Walter Lantz. The segment had its world premiere in April of 1930. This Ub Iwerks-produced short was the first independent piece of color animation, and it was released in August of 1930.